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MA'RIFAT (No. 75)

     
    Morality and Mysticism in Islam
    Professor Muhammad Taqi Misbah Yazdi
    The present article expounds on one of professor Misbah¨s ethical lectures to a group of seminarians. The article refers to heedlessness as the main cause of man¨s downfall and to the observance of one¨s identity as the main cause of man¨s elevation, stressing the idea that disregarding one¨s human identity is attributed to the ignorance of three essential things: where we have come from, where we are now, and what our final abode will be.
    In addition to the contrary of the aforementioned course which has an opposite direction. It is the way to perfection, an aim that cannot be attained without knowing the life - giving Origin, the One who has authority over us all. It also requires realizing where we will finally go to and what way we should take to reach it. In brief, all these constitute a kind of observance of one¨s self. This means that we are required to strengthen our relationship with God, with the Resurrection Day, and with the duties incumbent in this world. It should be noted that the central point of this issue is God; one will not be able to know one¨s self properly and truly without realizing one¨s relationship with God. Self - knowledge will be accessible only through realizing the relation ship between man¨s existence and God, and that is because man¨s existence is identical to the relationship between man and God. Moreover, realizing and identifying the ultimate aim, which is represented in realizing God¨s purpose of creation, is the means to the knowledge of God, His Acts, and His wisdom.
    The last part of the article is concerned with the main reasons for the emphasis on the rememberance of God (dhikr), the evidents for the significant status of rememberance, the blights of rememberance, and the levels of heartfelt rememberance.
     
     
    Faith in God and Its Role in Reducing Anxiety (distress)
    Muhammad Mehdi Safura¨i
    Anxiety characterizes everyone¨s life. People, in fact all people, experience the ordinary kind of anxiety, which is considered as a normal response. Without feeling anxiety, people might be exposed to some problems and dangerous situations. Practically, anxiety stirs man to action, for example, to see a doctor when ill, to drive with caution when the road is slippery, and so on. Therefore, anxiety is an integral part of man¨s life and man¨s character.
    Sometimes, the moderate cases of anxiety urge one to do creative things, make achievements, adopt sound attitudes to different issues and be ready for the future exams or for the social responsiblities one may have.
    However, when anxiety becomes so excessive and when it becomes chronic, itwill not only be an abnoromal phenomenon,but it will also be a source of failure, confusion and loss of self - possession.
    The article elaborates on the effective role of faith in reducing immoderate and chronic anxiety.
     
     
    Obsession and Its Treatment; A Contrast between Two Cognitive Methods (Islamic Therapy and Traditional Therapy)
    Dr. Ali Naqi Faqihi - Jamshid Mutahari
    This article expounds on the Islamic approach to cognitive - behaviour therapy and compares it with the classical approach to cognitive - behaviour therapy in regard to the symptoms of obsessive - compulsive disorder, the ways of preventing it and how it is treated. This type of disorder, which can be diagnosed by a person¨s obsessive thoughts and attitudes, compulsive behaviour and unsteady levels of anxiety, is considered as one of the nervous disorders. Cognitive - behaviour therapy concentrates on the role which incorrect cognitive processings play in the development and continuity of this kind of disorder, and tries to treat it by changing a person¨s cognitive system and by making use of the cognitive and behavioural techniques and rules.
    In addition to their emphasis on the role of physiological, emotional and sentimental factors, the Islamic texts emphasize on the role of cognitive and rational procedures. In Islam, the strategy of prevention and treatment stresses on the different remedial aspects especially on the cognitive, behavioural, spiritual, communicative and medical techniques. This article compares between the two aforementioned approaches in regard to the symptoms of obsessive disorder, the ways of preventing it and how it is treated.